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Woodside Cotton Mill Design Guidelines

Purpose: The Jaeger Company (TJC) was contracted by the Greenville County Redevelopment Authority (GCRA), through a grant from the South Carolina Department of Archives & History (SCDAH), to develop a set of design guidelines for the National Register-listed Woodside Cotton Mill Village Historic District (Village).

A municipality typically adopts design guidelines as a component of their local zoning and building codes,  but these design guidelines are being developed exclusively for use by GCRA.

GCRA is developing design guidelines as part of their effort to revitalize the Mill Village. Because the Village is listed on the National Register of Historic Places all Federally-funded revitalization projects must comply with Section 106 of the National Preservation Act of 1966. This law requires that projects utilizing Federal money consider the impact on historic properties and discourages projects that adversely affect properties considered eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.

The State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO), housed within the South Carolina Department of Archives and History (SCDAH), reviews and must approve infill construction and rehabilitation plans within the Village. SHPO has the authority to determine whether a project appropriately protects the historic character of the Village.  If SHPO determines a project is inappropriate, they may require changes to the project. This dialogue can be time consuming. By working with SHPO to adopt a State approved set of design guidelines, GCRA will become more efficient and will develop better prepared revitalization plans that SHPO is more likely to approve.

PROJECT UPDATES:

November 6, 2009: Project “Kick-off” via conference call between GCRA, TJC and SCDAH to  establish the goals and objectives of the project, including: 1) Provide guidance on infill construction by GCRA for new construction projects in the Village; 2) Provide guidance for rehabilitation of existing structures within the Village by GCRA; and 3) Improve the efficiency of design review of GCRA projects under review by SHPO.

December 18, 2009: On-site meeting between TJC and GCRA to inspect the Village and to evaluate the historic character of the Village. During the inspection, team members identified character-defining features of the residential housing stock and suggested  how these could be incorporated into new construction projects. It was decided that a meeting with SHPO Review & Compliance Coordinator  was needed to further understand SHPO policies regarding new construction. The project team also discussed  issues and opportunities regarding rehabilitation, specifically identifying  asbestos siding and lead paint.

TJC fieldwork began for the purpose of identifying character-defining features of the Village so that proposed new construction by GCRA would be compatible with unique qualities of the district. The focus for the fieldwork was in the area to the west of Woodside Avenue. Fieldwork consisted of a visual assessment of each building. Notes and photographs were taken from the public right-of-way of the streets.

Links of Interest

  • The National Park Service’s Preservation Briefs are an invaluable source of information for rehabilitation of historic buildings. http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/tps/briefs/presbhom.htm
  • The South Carolina Department of Archives & History provides guidance to municipalities, state agencies and federal agencies to comply with Section 106 of the Historic Preservation Act of 1966 as amended.  http://scdah.sc.gov/ 

Residence on Spring Street with intact lookouts.

February 8, 2010: TJC fieldwork was begun today to identify character-defining features of the Village so that proposed new construction by GCRA would be in-keeping with its sense of place. The focus for this day’s fieldwork was the west side of Woodside Avenue. Fieldwork consisted of a visual assessment of each  building found within the Village. Notes and photographs were taken from the public right-of-way of the  streets.

February 9, 2010 (Morning): TJC met with several architects and contractors, who work frequently with GCRA, to discuss with SHPO representative cost factors for infill construction projects within a National Register-listed district.

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Information Open House on February 9th at the Woodside Baptist Church Family Center.
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February 9, 2010 (Evening): GCRA hosted a public informational meeting for the residents of the Village to meet TJC and to become familiar with the project. Important information gleaned from this meeting included: 1) GCRA is still determining the feasibility of their involvement in the revitalization of the Village: 2) The design guidelines developed by TJC will only apply to GCRA projects – not to private property owners; 3) There are several assistance programs available through GCRA to residents of the Village; and 4) A neighborhood association to advocate to Greenville County and City of Greenville for inclusion in long range planning efforts should be established.

An impromptu “neighborhood association” gathering was held after the meeting. Point of contact is:

Ms. Connie Nuhu
Woodside Mill Neighborhood Leader
2 North Vance Street
Greenville, SC 29611
CONNIE_NUHU@bshsi.org

Those interested in the Emergency Home Repair Grant Program should contact Kathy Elgin at 864-242-9801 x102. For more information, click here.

Those interested in the Home Rehabilitation Loan Program should contact Meg McGowen at 864-242-9801 x110. For more information, click here.

For information on the 2010 – 2015 Consolidated Plan, click here.

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This residence on North Vance Street has intact “novelty” siding.
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February 10, 2010: Fieldwork was completed.

February 15, 2010: Field notes from February 8 – 10 were compiled into a table listing contributing, noncontributing, and exterior materials for each building.  This information will be submitted to GCRA and SHPO for review by the end of February.

February 25, 2010: Table of Eligibility Status including integrity of historic materials and a photographic property-by-property survey were provided to SHPO and GCRA.

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This is page one of the Table of Eligibility Status for the district.
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March 15, 2010: A representative from GCRA, TJC, and the National Register and Environmental Review Units of SHPO met to discuss this project. On the meeting agenda was the eligibility of the district, and extant integrity of the historic residences. It was determined from this meeting that the district does hold integrity as the spatial relationships between the buildings, the mill and the intact street layout still convey as an early twentieth century mill village. Although many of the residences have undergone material changes in appearance; the overall form of the residences is still intact and therefore contributing to the district.

Also discussed at this meeting were how to determine the rehabilitation feasibility of individual residences, and what cost-effective alternative materials could be used in new infill construction in the district.

March 26, 2010: The 1st Draft of the Woodside Cotton Mill Design Guidelines was provided to GCRA and SCDAH on this date. The draft includes the following chapters: 1) Introduction; 2) Character of the District; 3) New Residential Construction Guidelines; 4) Residential Rehabilitation Guidelines; 5) Rehabilitation Feasibility Guidelines; as well as an Appendix. Currently this document is under review by both GCRA and SCDAH with comments due in May 2010.

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Several graphics like this were developed for the 1st Draft of the Woodside Cotton Mill Design Guidelines.
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April 28, 2010: The first draft of the design guidelines document for the Woodside Cotton Mill Village was shared with the public by a web link on the GCRA website. A copy of the design guidelines is also available to the public at the GCRA office.

May 13, 2010: Comments on the first draft of the design guidelines document were compiled by GCRA and provided to TJC. After discussion with GCRA and SHPO it was decided that four different sets of infill plans and two sets of landscape plans for appropriate infill construction within the Woodside Cotton Mill Village should be developed as part of this project and appended to the document.

 
Planting Plan 1

After reviewing extant historic landscapes found in the village our Landscape Historian developed this planting plan for use with infill construction within the village.

June 6, 2010:  The Jaeger Company provided a memorandum to GCRA detailing the four main residential volumes/plans found within the Woodside Cotton Mill Village. From these volumes/plans GCRA’s design team will develop four residences that would be appropriate infill construction for the village.

 
plan 3
 

In this plan option, dimension “X” is approximately 40.’ A gabled, covered porch (double lined ellipse above) should not exceed an overall dimension of approximately 20’ (2A). Note that the roof on the right side of the gable covered porch is on the same plane as the main roof. Dormers should not be utilized on this plan. If more space is needed within the plan the depth of the resource may be adjusted accordingly but the depth should not exceed 1.75X.

June 30, 2010:  The revised draft of the design guidelines document for the Woodside Cotton Mill Village was provided to GCRA and SHPO for review. A copy of the design guidelines is  also available to the public at the GCRA office. Once comments are received from both GCRA and SHPO the final document can be printed and put into use by the GCRA. This document should be finished by September 2010.

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Page 2-2 of the Woodside Cotton Mill Village Design Guidelines, which discusses how to determine the Area of Influence of a project.